Select Page
Your Perfect Assignment is Just a Click Away
We Write Custom Academic Papers

100% Original, Plagiarism Free, Customized to your instructions!

glass
pen
clip
papers
heaphones

BLOCK3TRAININGEXERCISES-1.pdf

BLOCK3TRAININGEXERCISES-1.pdf

Block 3 training exercises.

Draw the Lewis structures for each of the following molecules and determine the electron pair geometry and the molecular geometry as predicted by the VSEPR.

1) F2 2) N2 3) ICL 4) CO2 5) NH3 6) CF4 7) C2H6 8) C2H4 9) C2H2 10) HCN 11) SO2 12) HNO3 (the hydrogen is bonded to one of the oxygens). 13) CH4O

For each of the following polyatomic ions, draw all resonance structures. Based on the formal charges identify which is the best resonance structure. (if all resonance structures are equivalent indicate so next to the structure). Indicate the bond angles as predicted by VSEPR for the best structure .

14) OH-

15) CN-

16) ClO2 –

17) ClO3 –

18) CO3 2-

19) SO3 2-

20) SCN-

21) HCO2-

22) NO2+

State the hybridization of each of the central atom in each of the following.

23) ClO2 –

24) ClO3 –

25) CO3 2-

26) SO3 2-

27) SCN-

28) HCO2-

29) NO2 –

30) Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2) is a reactive molecule, often used an antiseptic and sometimes used for bleaching. Draw a Lewis structure for hydrogen peroxide (peroxide is a polyatomic ion). What is the oxidation state of the oxygen in hydrogen peroxide? Suggest a reason for its reactivity.

31) What is the hybridization of the central atom in Acetone CH3COCH3?

32) How many sigma bonds and how many pi bonds are in Acetone?

33) Ozone (O3) is needed in the stratosphere to absorb (and filter out) potentially damaging ultraviolet light. However, in the lower atmosphere is a dangerous pollutant as it is a very reactive form of oxygen and as a result, very toxic and destructive. Draw the two reasonable structures, include formal charges. (Hint: it is not a ring) Suggest a reason for its high reactivity

34) Which of the following reactions is associated with the lattice energy of Li2O (ΔH°latt)?

A) Li2O(s) → 2 Li⁺(g) + O2⁻(g)

B) 2 Li⁺(aq) + O2⁻(aq) → Li2O(s)

C) 2 Li⁺(g) + O2⁻(g) → Li2O(s)

D) Li2O(s) → 2 Li⁺(aq) + O2⁻(aq)

35). Which of the following reactions is associated with the lattice energy of CaS (ΔH°latt)?

A) Ca(s) + S(s) → CaS(s) B) CaS(s) → Ca(s) + S(s)

C) Ca2⁺(aq) + S2⁻(aq) → CaS(s)

D) Ca2⁺(g) + S2⁻(g) → CaS(s)

E) CaS(s) → Ca2⁺(aq) + S2⁻(aq) 36). Which of the following reactions is associated with the lattice energy of RbI (ΔH°latt)?

A) Rb(s) + 2

1I2(g) → RbI(s)

B) RbI(s) → Rb⁺(g) + I⁻(g)

C) RbI(s) → Rb(s) + 2

1I2(g)

D) RbI(s) → Rb⁺(aq) + I⁻(aq) E) Rb⁺(g) + I⁻(g) → RbI(s) 37). Which of the following NaCl, KCl, LiCl, CsCl has the highest magnitude of lattice energy? 38). Identify the compound with the lowest magnitude of lattice energy among the following: KCl, KBr,SrO,CaO. 39). Identify the shortest bond. A) single covalent bond B) double covalent bond C) triple covalent bond D) all of the above bonds are the same length

40). Identify the weakest bond. A) single covalent bond B) double covalent bond C) triple covalent bond D) all of the above bonds are the same strength

41). Identify the number of bonding pairs and lone pairs of electrons in water. A) 1 bonding pair and 1 lone pair B) 1 bonding pair and 2 lone pairs C) 2 bonding pairs and 2 lone pairs D) 2 bonding pairs and 1 lone pair E) 3 bonding pairs and 2 lone pairs 42) Write the best Lewis structure for OCl2.

43) Choose the best Lewis structure for ICl5.

A)

B)

C)

D)

E)

44) Choose the best Lewis structure for SF4.

A)

B)

C)

D)

E)

45). Choose the best Lewis structure for SeO42⁻.

A)

B)

C)

D)

E)

46). Which of the following processes are exothermic? A) Cl2(g) → 2Cl(g)

B) Br(g) + e⁻ → Br⁻(g) C) Li(s) → Li(g) D) NaF(s) → Na⁺(g) + F⁻(g) E) None of the above are exothermic. 47) Which of the following processes are exothermic? A) the second ionization energy of Mg B) the sublimation of Li C) the breaking the bond of I2 D) the formation of NaBr from its constituent elements in their standard state E) None of the above are exothermic 48). Use the bond energies provided to estimate ΔH°rxn for the reaction below.

PCl3(g) + Cl2(g) → PCl5(l) ΔH°rxn = ?

Bond Bond Energy (kJ/mol) Cl-Cl 243 P-Cl 331

49) Use the bond energies provided to estimate ΔH°rxn for the reaction below.

2 Br2(l) + C2H2(g) → C2H2Br4(l) ΔH°rxn = ?

Bond Bond Energy (kJ/mol) Br-Br 193 C≡C 837 C-C 347 C-Br 276 C-H 414 50) Use the bond energies provided to estimate ΔH°rxn for the reaction below.

CH3OH(l) + 2 O2(g) → CO2(g) + 2 H2O(g) ΔH°rxn = ?

Bond Bond Energy (kJ/mol) C-H 414 C-O 360 C=O 799 O=O 498 O-H 464 51 ) Determine the electron geometry (eg) and molecular geometry (mg) of NCl3.

52) Determine the electron geometry (eg) and molecular geometry (mg) of BrF3.

53) Determine the electron geometry (eg) and molecular geometry (mg) of ICl2⁻.

54) Determine the electron geometry (eg) and molecular geometry (mg) of XeF2.

55) Consider the molecule below. Determine the molecular geometry at each of the 2 labeled carbons.

56) Consider the molecule below. Determine the molecular geometry at each of the 3 labeled atoms.

57). Determine the electron geometry (eg), molecular geometry (mg), and polarity of SO2.

58) Determine the electron geometry, molecular geometry and polarity of SF6 .

59) Describe a pi bond. 60) Which of the following best describes a sigma bond. A) side by side overlap of p orbitals B) end to end overlap of p orbitals C) s orbital overlapping with the side of a p orbital D) overlap of two s orbitals E) p orbital overlapping with a d orbital 61) Fill in the black with the appropriate word. A molecule containing a central atom with sp hybridization has a(n) __________ electron geometry. 62) How many electron groups around a molecule with sp hybridization. 63) Draw the Lewis structure for BrO4⁻. What is the hybridization on the Br atom?

64) Draw the Lewis structure for SF6. What is the hybridization on the S atom?

65) Draw the Lewis structure for BrF5. What is the hybridization on the Br atom?

66) How many of the following molecules have sp3 hybridization on the central atom? XeCl4 CH4 SF4 C2H2 67). Use the molecular orbital diagram shown to determine which of the following is most stable.

68) Use the molecular orbital diagram shown to determine which of the following are paramagnetic.

69) Use the molecular orbital diagram shown to determine which of the following are paramagnetic.

70). Use molecular orbital theory calculate the bond order of N2 + 71). Use molecular orbital theory calculate the bond order of C2 – 72). Use molecular orbital theory calculate the bond order of O2 + 73). Based on molecular orbital theory which is more stable O2 or O2+ 74). Based on molecular orbital theory which is more stable N2 or N2+ 75). Based on molecular orbital theory which is more stable C2 or C2- 76). A Solution is prepared by dissolving 165 g of NaCl in 1000 ml of water. This solution was labelled stock solution. Once the solution was prepared 200.00 ml sample of the solution was transferred into a 500.ml volumetric flask and diluted to the mark with water. Following 125 ml of this solution was transferred to a 200 ml volumetric flak and it was diluted to the mark with water. What is the concentration of the last solution?

77). Imagine 100.0 ml of a 0.767 M of a sulfate solution was prepared by diluting 38.0 ml of a stock solution to 100.ml with water. What is the concentration of the original solution? 78) Household hydrogen peroxide is an aqueous solution containing 3.0% hydrogen peroxide by mass. What is the molarity of the solution? (assume density of the solution 1.01 g/mL.) 79). The Density of Nitric acid is 1.41 g/mL. Giving that Nitric Acid is 70.3%. by mass HNO3 in a concentrated form that is 70.3% n How much of the concentrated acid will be needed in order to make 1.15L of a 0.100M solution of HNO3? 80) Which of the following reactions is associated with the lattice energy of Li2O (ΔH°latt)?

A) Li2O(s) → 2 Li⁺(g) + O2⁻(g)

B) 2 Li⁺(aq) + O2⁻(aq) → Li2O(s)

C) 2 Li⁺(g) + O2⁻(g) → Li2O(s)

D) Li2O(s) → 2 Li⁺(aq) + O2⁻(aq)

E) 2 Li(s) + 2

1O2(g) → Li2O(s)

81) Which of the following reactions is associated with the lattice energy of CaS (ΔH°latt)?

A) Ca(s) + S(s) → CaS(s) B) CaS(s) → Ca(s) + S(s)

C) Ca2⁺(aq) + S2⁻(aq) → CaS(s)

D) Ca2⁺(g) + S2⁻(g) → CaS(s)

E) CaS(s) → Ca2⁺(aq) + S2⁻(aq) 82) Which of the following reactions is associated with the lattice energy of RbI (ΔH°latt)?

A) Rb(s) + 2

1I2(g) → RbI(s)

B) RbI(s) → Rb⁺(g) + I⁻(g)

C) RbI(s) → Rb(s) + 2

1I2(g)

D) RbI(s) → Rb⁺(aq) + I⁻(aq) E) Rb⁺(g) + I⁻(g) → RbI(s)

83) Identify the compound with the highest magnitude of lattice energy. A) NaCl B) KCl C) LiCl D) CsCl 84) Identify the compound with the lowest magnitude of lattice energy. A) KCl B) KBr C) SrO D) CaO

85) Place the following in order of decreasing magnitude of lattice energy.

K2O Rb2S Li2O

  • Draw the Lewis structures for each of the following molecules and determine the electron pair geometry and the molecular geometry as predicted by the VSEPR.
  • For each of the following polyatomic ions, draw all resonance structures. Based on the formal charges identify which is the best resonance structure. (if all resonance structures are equivalent indicate so next to the structure). Indicate the bond …
  • State the hybridization of each of the central atom in each of the following.

How it Works

  1. Clіck оn the “Place оrder tab at the tоp menu оr “Order Nоw” іcоn at the bоttоm, and a new page wіll appear wіth an оrder fоrm tо be fіlled.
  2. Fіll іn yоur paper’s іnfоrmatіоn and clіck “PRІCE CALCULATІОN” at the bоttоm tо calculate yоur оrder prіce.
  3. Fіll іn yоur paper’s academіc level, deadlіne and the requіred number оf pages frоm the drоp-dоwn menus.
  4. Clіck “FІNAL STEP” tо enter yоur regіstratіоn detaіls and get an accоunt wіth us fоr recоrd keepіng.
  5. Clіck оn “PRОCEED TО CHECKОUT” at the bоttоm оf the page.
  6. Frоm there, the payment sectіоns wіll shоw, fоllоw the guіded payment prоcess, and yоur оrder wіll be avaіlable fоr оur wrіtіng team tо wоrk оn іt.

Nоte, оnce lоgged іntо yоur accоunt; yоu can clіck оn the “Pendіng” buttоn at the left sіdebar tо navіgate, make changes, make payments, add іnstructіоns оr uplоad fіles fоr the оrder created. e.g., оnce lоgged іn, clіck оn “Pendіng” and a “pay” оptіоn wіll appear оn the far rіght оf the оrder yоu created, clіck оn pay then clіck оn the “Checkоut” оptіоn at the next page that appears, and yоu wіll be able tо cоmplete the payment.

Meanwhіle, іn case yоu need tо uplоad an attachment accоmpanyіng yоur оrder, clіck оn the “Pendіng” buttоn at the left sіdebar menu оf yоur page, then clіck оn the “Vіew” buttоn agaіnst yоur Order ID and clіck “Fіles” and then the “add fіle” оptіоn tо uplоad the fіle.

Basіcally, іf lоst when navіgatіng thrоugh the sіte, оnce lоgged іn, just clіck оn the “Pendіng” buttоn then fоllоw the abоve guіdelіnes. оtherwіse, cоntact suppоrt thrоugh оur chat at the bоttоm rіght cоrner

NB

Payment Prоcess

By clіckіng ‘PRОCEED TО CHECKОUT’ yоu wіll be lоgged іn tо yоur accоunt autоmatіcally where yоu can vіew yоur оrder detaіls. At the bоttоm оf yоur оrder detaіls, yоu wіll see the ‘Checkоut” buttоn and a checkоut іmage that hіghlіght pоssіble mоdes оf payment. Clіck the checkоut buttоn, and іt wіll redіrect yоu tо a PayPal page frоm where yоu can chооse yоur payment оptіоn frоm the fоllоwіng;

  1. Pay wіth my PayPal accоunt‘– select thіs оptіоn іf yоu have a PayPal accоunt.
  2. Pay wіth a debіt оr credіt card’ or ‘Guest Checkout’ – select thіs оptіоn tо pay usіng yоur debіt оr credіt card іf yоu dоn’t have a PayPal accоunt.
  3. Dо nоt fоrget tо make payment sо that the оrder can be vіsіble tо оur experts/tutоrs/wrіters.

Regards,

Custоmer Suppоrt

Order Solution Now